The field of behavioral genetics studies the relative effects of _____ on behavior and skills. (2023)

social sciences middle school


answer 1

Bahviourla genetics is also referred to as a field of scientific research and genetic methods. It explores the nature and origin of various behaviors.

  • Together, the genes and the environment influence the individual and make them different.
  • The field studies the effects of genes and environment on a person's behavior and abilities.

Hence the action of genes.

Read more about behavioral genetics research on relative effects.

answer 2


The answer is heredity and environment.


The field of behavioral genetics studies the relative effects of heredity and environment on behavior and skills: In general, behavioral genetics studies the effects of inherent skills, the limitations of inherited genes, and the influence of the environment on behavior. Genes and the environment affect the body and mind, making people unique or different.

related questions

Judit is asked to detail her thought patterns as she plans her next move. This is an example of the ___________ method



self reflection


Introspection is the process of gaining knowledge through examining one's own cognitive process. It can be observed both formally and informally. Sometimes we recognize our own thoughts, feelings and emotions by accident, it's an informal introspection. But it is also an important psychological technique to carefully analyze the meaning of one's thought.

What type of surveillance involves sharing information between people of relatively equal power?



The answer is social surveillance.


In social surveillance, information is shared between people with relatively equal levels of power: information is presented, displayed, and analyzed regardless of the status of the different types and classes of people that make up a society.

What is theft? Give an example of an act that falls under this crime category.



The example of theft is:

when someone takes an item of value without asking or when someone steals the item from a store without the owner's permission


(Video) Behavioral Genetics| Behavioral Genetics in Urdu

Theft is a criminal offense in which intruders gain possession of the property without the consent or approval of the owner. This can be done through the depiction of money power, authority, etc. Theft laws are common law in the United States.

The example of theft is:

when someone takes an item of value without asking or when someone steals the item from a store without the permission of the owner


Theft: Theft of personal property. Theft is the theft of property that was not stolen by force or force. Think shoplifting, pickpocketing or theft.

According to the book With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking, what is the best way to extract an argument from a passage? a) First find the premises and then the conclusion.

b) Formulate it in a way that supports your own point of view.

c) leave it as is; There is no way to improve a person's reasoning.

d) First find the conclusion and then the premises of the argument


The correct answer is the letter D

Critical thinking involves conscious judgment, in the sense of thinking about what to believe or how to respond to a thorough inquiry, to an experience, to a verbal or textual utterance, and even to the suggestions of others. It is also related to the definition of the content and value of the object of observation.

In relation to a particular conclusion or argument, this thought assesses whether there is sufficient reason to accept the statement as authentic. Fisher and Scriven researchers argue that critical thinking is an adept and flexible understanding of observations, exposures, knowledge, and discussion.

Knowing the difference between an experimental condition and a control condition is most important in understanding the nature of: ________________


Answer: Independent variables


In the control state, the independent variable is not manipulated, the independent variable remains constant, while in the experimental state, the independent variable is manipulated.

Participants in a control group are only used for comparison with the experimental conditions.

The control condition and the experimental condition both have the same aspects, except for the independent variable, which remains constant in the control condition.

Fred is with his significant other and is trying to figure out the best way to propose to him. What trial is Fred in right now? a) Encryption
b) Shipping
c) decoding
d) received


Answer: CODE.

Explanation: Encoding can be defined as a process of creating a new store. It is the first step in processing a new memory, where an individually perceived memory is stored in the brain and can later be retrieved from short or long memory.

Some examples of coding are: visual coding; deep encryption; semantic coding, etc.

What strategies do you think will be most successful in dealing with population growth in developing countries?


Answer and Explanation:

(Video) Behavioral Genetics Robert Plomin

A developing country is a country that has not yet achieved its economic breakthrough, which is why it has the least developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) compared to other countries. The HDI refers to indicators of life expectancy and per capita income. resident.

-In order to solve the problem of population growth, these countries need to start empowering women or girls from a young age to be aware of their choices about starting a family in adulthood. This means that girls should be given the information they need about family planning and should have access to such services.

- Promote gender equality in marriage so that women also have the right to decide how many children they can have.

Improving the status of women in business by giving them the freedom to pursue careers or participate in economic affairs.

-Improve their healthcare and access to address mortality.

Gestalt psychologists like Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhlera. emphasizes that only easily measurable, observable behaviors are worth investigating. b) believe that behavior has an adaptive function that helps people survive. c) assert that the total experience of human perception is greater than the sum of its parts. d) argues that emotions and consciousness should be kept outside the realm of psychology as a science.



The answer is C) and claims that the total experience of human perception is greater than the sum of its parts.


Gestalt psychologists such as Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhler argue that the total experience of human cognition is greater than the sum of its parts: Gestalt principles believe that all forms of knowledge, complex/abstract ideas, or grand experiences can be broken down into parts or simple components or elements ; In general, a complex knowledge or idea consists of simple ideas.

Of the following choices, the PhD awarded to the highest percentage of female recipients is ________, while the PhD awarded to the highest percentage of male recipients is _______.



The PhD with the highest proportion of female graduates is psychology, while the PhD with the highest proportion of male graduates is engineering.


The self-representation in everyday life, also called dramaturgy, was developed by ________.


Answer: Developed by ERVING GOFFMAN.

Explanation: Ervin Goffman, born June 11, 1922, was a writer and sociologist. His contribution to social theory in his study of symbolic interaction was one of his best.

He is the author of several books, some of which are: Asylums (1961), Stigma (1963), Interaction Ritual (1967), Frame Analysis (1974) and Forms of Talk (1981), etc.

He was heavily influenced by veteran writers and sociologists such as Herbert Blumer, Émile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud.

He is known for coining the term DRAMATURGY, his micro-sociological depictions of everyday social interaction.

Complete the following analogy: Behaviorism:____ ::Gestaltpsychologie:______.a. Anatomy; behavioral biology; awarenessc. Geography; Self reflection. Physics; Shape. Physiology; psyche



C. geography; self reflection


Behaviorism is about how learning is influenced by the environment. Behaviorists focus on observable behavior and believe that the mind does not act independently. Gestalt psychologists, on the other hand, are concerned and emphasize the role of the mind and consciousness, explaining perception as a whole rather than in individual components.

Kerry is the scapegoat in her family. When something bad happens, Kerry will be held accountable, even if her siblings are to blame. Which of the following statements describes the effect of this psychological treatment? A) Kerry experiences life! There is always a family member who takes the blame.

B) Kerry is at high risk of being affected by this psychological abuse.

C) Kerry's mother could use some awareness training, but Kerry is unlikely to be negatively affected by it

D) The formation of Kerry's self-image will likely be delayed until she is able to form healthy relationships with her peers.

(Video) 6. Behavioral Genetics I


Answer:B) Kerry is at high risk of being affected by this psychological abuse.


When someone is constantly being used as a scapegoat and always seen as guilty, they are likely growing up thinking that everything they ever do is wrong and there is nothing they can do right, which even in the long run affects them in an extremely negative way will in her life. She may not have confidence in what she is doing because she doesn't want to believe she can do something right.

Professor Zale bases her self-image as a professor on the interactions she has with students and the reactions she receives from them in class. With this in mind, what process does Professor Zale use?


Answer: Professor Zale uses the SELF process in LOOKING GLASS.

Explanation: The mirror itself is a concept developed in 1902 by Charles Horton Cooley, a sociologist.

It is a term that explains how we come across to others.

He thought of three steps to allow this mirrored self to be fully effective. They are

1) The first step is how we imagine ourselves to appear to others

2) The second step is how we imagine others' judgment based on what we think they see us.

3) The third step is how we think about the judgments of others based on past experiences.

All of this is reflected in how Professor Zale sees herself based on the interaction she receives from the students in her class.

"What traits do evolutionary psychologists suggest women subconsciously look for in a potential mate to maximize their offspring's survival?"



Females subconsciously seek out human males and their vocabulary while impressing females with their intelligence due to intersex selection.


In intersex selection, a woman chooses between males as potential mates. In this case, women subconsciously look for these specific characteristics to ensure the child's survival.

The goal of the course is not only to learn what psychological research says about what makes us happy, but also to put these strategies into practice_________.


Answer: Every day

Explanation: This is an excerpt from a lecture by Professor Laurie Santos entitled The Science of Well-Being. Professor Santos speaks and explores the science of psychology and what that science says about happiness. She uncovers some of the misconceptions people have about happiness and ways to develop happiness-promoting habits. She says the goal is not just to learn what science says about happiness, but to find happiness in practice with our behaviors, habits, and activities, and to practice it on a daily basis. It is not only a way of understanding and attaining happiness, but also of preserving it.

Therefore, Professor Santos designed his classes with the students in a very friendly way, breaking down the established barriers that actually contribute to the usual literary understanding and happiness experience. The relaxed way of teaching and speaking to students helps them feel comfortable in the classroom and leave the class with such an attitude, creating habits that encourage the creation and maintenance of happiness in everyday life. Therefore, it is possible to create direct conditions for happiness in your environment, starting with your habits and your relationship with the environment.

An example of psychological noise is ____________. A. Uncertainty b tiredness c illness d loud music



Explanation: Psychic noise is a form of communication noise that occurs in the mind of an individual. It arises as a result of preconceived notions that we bring to conversation with others, which may or may not be true.

Psychological noise causes a person to miss the original message of the conversation due to stereotypes, prejudice, assumptions, etc.

Insecurity is an example of psychological noise because based on information we may have seen in the press and on social media, which may or may not be true, we can feel insecure about so many things.

(Video) The Effect of Genes and Environment on Life Outcomes

Carmen wears cutoff jeans and a sweatshirt to a formal wedding. What is she doing and what do her actions mean?



Carmen is most likely engaged in deviant behaviors, and her actions imply that she doesn't care about the opinions of others.


  • The way Carmen dresses for a formal wedding makes it clear that she has chosen not to limit herself to the norms and conventions accepted by society.
  • She seems to have no problem standing out and deviating from society by wearing strange, unconventional clothes and deviant behavior.

Pour 1 liter of lemonade into a 2 liter pitcher and the lemonade fills the container halfway. Does the density of the lemonade change? Then you transfer one liter of oxygen into a 2 liter container and the gas expands to fill the entire container. Does the oxygen density change? Finally, take a clay ball and flatten it like a pancake. Does the density of the sound change?



1. Nee

2 inches

3. Nee


1. Pour 1 liter of lemonade into a 2 liter pitcher and the lemonade fills the container halfway. Does the density of the lemonade change?

No, the density of the lemonade does not change. Density is determined by changing the amount of soda, not just changing container volume, which does not change the soda's density. If the temperature or pressure had changed, the density of the soda would have changed.

2. You put one liter of oxygen into a 2 liter canister and the gas expands to fill the entire canister. Does the oxygen density change?

Yes, the oxygen density has changed. In the case of gases, the volume is always the same as the container in which the gas is located. So if the volume of the container changes, the volume of the gas will also change. When 1 liter of oxygen was placed in a 2 liter container, the volume changed and with it the density.

3. Take a clay ball and flatten it like a pancake. Does the density of the sound change?

No, the density of clay does not change. If the clay is in the shape of a sphere, pancake, or other shape, then the mass and volume don't change, which means the density doesn't change at all.

Instincts as explanations of behavior have lost popularity in psychology. The reason:



The list of possible instincts grew too long.

Different instincts seemed to be contradictory in their explanations of behavior.


Instinct: In psychology, the term “instinct” refers to the term that describes or explains a specific behavior of a person that is both initiated and learned due to some triggers related to the environment. It can also be defined in terms of motivation, since instincts can act as an organism's response to specific needs to satisfy some internal survival needs.

What makes the difference between good and excellent in your evaluation criteria? At this stage in the process, writers often begin to understand exactly what they are saying.


If you have a good command of the evaluation criteria, you can understand the process.

If you are excellent, you can understand well, identify yourself better, make some changes and look at what has been said before from a different perspective. This will make a difference in how you want the process to go and how it will go.

(Video) #Role of Heredity and Environment in Personality Development | व्यक्तित्व | आनुवंशिकता | वातावरण |


1. Lecture 12 Behavioural Genetics
2. Psychology|Genetics Heredity Environment and behaviour|Psychology for bsc nursing|Unit 2|Part 2
(Science Easy Tech)
3. "Genetics, Social Class, and Education in Child Development" with Elliot Tucker Drob PhD
(Penn Center for Neuroscience & Society)
4. From Darwin to DNA: The Genetic Basis of Animal Behavior
(Harvard Museum of Natural History)
5. 8. Recognizing Relatives
6. The Social Nature of Ego Development
(Ashleigh Louis, PhD)


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