Problems with our hips can becaused by diseasessuch as osteoarthritis or avascular necrosis. Other hip problems are attributed to injuries such as sprains, bursitis, dislocations and fractures.Treatments for hip problemsfrom basic pain management techniques to advanced medical treatments to cure disease and repair injuries.
Hip pain is a common complaint that can occur for a variety of reasons. The location of your hip pain can provide clues as to the cause. Hip joint problems usually result in pain in the inside of your hip or groin. Hip pain on the outside of your hip, thigh, or buttocks is usually caused by problems with the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and other soft tissues that surround your hip joint.1
delivery trucksThe hip is a ball jointthat offers freedom of movement and provides the necessary stability to support the weight of your body. The "ball" part of your hip is on top of your femur, or femur, and the "cup" is the socket in your pelvis called the acetabulum.
Many people experienceHip pain from osteoarthritis, the gradual wear and tear of shock-absorbing surfaces in the hip. Hip pain can also result from disease or damage to the components of the hip or the surrounding nerves. In addition, hip pain can sometimes be caused by diseases and conditions in other parts of the body, such as the lower back or knees. This type of pain is called referred pain. There can be some types of hip paincontrolled with self-carewhile at homeandremay require medical or surgical treatment.
Hip problems from arthritis
Arthritis is the most common cause of hip tissue degeneration and joint pain.2There are three types of arthritis that commonly affect the hips:
Healthy versus arthritis of the hip joint
Arthrosis:Often referred to as "osteoarthritis," it is the most common form of arthritis and can occur in one or both hips after years of use and strain.2It leads to a deterioration ofcartilagewhich normally acts as a cushion between the bones that meet at a joint. In your hip, that would be the point where the top of the femur (the ball) meets the acetabulum (the socket). As the cartilage wears away at this point, the bones can come into direct contact and cause varying degrees of pain depending on the degree of deterioration. Early and mid-stage arthritis can be treated with pain medication and light exercise, while more advanced cases may require surgery, such ascomplete hip replacement.
More about hip osteoarthritis >>
Rheumatoide Arthritis:is a systemic or body-wide disease that causes the immune system to attack the synovial membrane. This attack causes the production of too much fluid, leading to damage and inflammation of this important structure and the cartilage of the joint, leading to pain, stiffness and disability. There is no cure for this disease and treatments focus on administering anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and prevent or slow joint damage.
Traumatic Arthritis:Osteoarthritis is essentially the same as osteoarthritis, but this time it is caused by a source of trauma, such as: B. an old injury, a sports injury or previous joint surgery. These events can damage the cartilage and/or bone, altering the mechanics of the joint and causing it to wear out more quickly.4Treatments are similar to those for osteoarthritis and range from non-invasive conservative methods to surgical options like osteoarthritisHüftarthroskopievoncomplete hip replacement.
More on hip arthroscopy >>
More about total hip arthroplasty >>
Other hip injuries and conditions
Some of the most common hip injuries and conditions are:3
Sprains and strains:involves a stretched or torn ligament, which is tissue that connects two bones in the hip. Symptoms include pain, bruising, burning, stinging, throbbing, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness, and an inability to move the hip. You may feel a pop or tear when the injury occurs. Treatment usually includes rest, ice packs, wearing a bandage to compress the area, and medication.
Disorders:are joint injuries that cause the bones in a joint to move out of position. In the case of a dislocated hip, the "ball" is pushed out of the "socket", which leads to severe pain and inability to move. In this case, it is important to consult a doctor immediately. After proper positioning, your hip will usually function normally within a few weeks, but extra care must be taken not to cause further dislocation.
End:is a physical fracture of a bone, usually caused by an accident, fall, or sports injury. Other causes may include low bone density or osteoporosis, both of which cause bones to weaken. Hip fractures include femoral shaft fractures and pelvic fractures. These injuries require immediate medical attention so that the bones can be realigned with a cast, splint, or surgery to fix the fracture with pins, plates, or screws to allow the bones to heal and grow back together.
hip pointer:is an extremely painful injury to the muscle that connects to the top of the pelvis just below the waist. It usually results from a hit, fall, or rapid twisting of the body and is most common in contact sports such as soccer and football. Over time, most hip pointers will heal on their own with conservative treatment and rest.
broken hip:is a cracking or popping sound in your hips when you walk, get up from a seated position, or swing your leg. It occurs when a muscle or tendon moves over a bone spur in your hip. It's usually painless and harmless, but can be annoying. However, in some cases, popping can lead to bursitis (see below).
Bursitis:occurs when one of the natural small, fluid-filled blisters around the hip area becomes inflamed and painful. This is usually caused by overuse of a joint muscle but can also be caused by an injury. Treatment includes rest, ice packs, and medication to reduce inflammation.
Avascular necrosis:occurs in the femoral head when the blood supply is cut off by a fracture or other injury. It can also be caused by developmental disorders such as dysplasia and use of certain medications, particularly prednisolone (cortisone or prednisone), which is used to treat conditions such as asthma, skin problems, and other conditions. The course of treatment may have been short and symptoms may appear weeks to years later. It can also (rarely) occur due to certain bone tumors, such as bone cysts. Treatment aims to prevent further bone loss through medication and therapy. In advanced cases, surgical intervention is often indicated and includescore decompression, bone grafting, bone remodeling and hip replacement.
Burning thigh pain:can appear on the outside of the thigh on one side of the body. It can be caused by compression or damage to one of the main sensory nerves in your legs. The goal of treatment is to eliminate the source of pressure on the nerve. This may include avoiding an activity that makes the condition worse, weight loss, medication to reduce inflammation, and, rarely, surgery.5
- Mayo Clinic, "Hip Pain" http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hip-pain/MY00257
- New York Presbyterian Hospital, „Hip Problemer“ http://nyp.org/health/spine-hip.html
- Medline Plus, ein US-Dienst National Library of Medicine und National Institutes of Health, „Hip Injuries and Disorders“ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hipinjuriesanddisorders.html
- Cleveland Clinic, "Disorders and Conditions: Post-Traumatic Arthritis" http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/arthritis/hic-post-traumatic-arthritis.aspx
- AAOS American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, "Hip and Thigh: Injuries, Diseases, and Conditions" http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/menus/hip.cfm
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Symptoms of hip arthritis may include pain in or near the hip joint, stiffness, audible clicking sounds when moving the hip, and weakness. While hip arthritis is usually a chronic condition, there are treatments to help ease the symptoms and reduce further damage.Can hip pain be caused by arthritis? ›
Many forms of arthritis and related conditions can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the hips. Hip pain can occur on the outside or inside of the hip, the upper thigh or outer buttock. Here are some diseases that can affect the hips. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis.What does severe arthritis in the hip feel like? ›
A hip affected by inflammatory arthritis will feel painful and stiff. There are other symptoms, as well: A dull, aching pain in the groin, outer thigh, knee, or buttocks. Limited range of motion.What makes hip arthritis worse? ›
The pain usually gets worse when the hip joint is strained by walking long distances, standing for a long time or climbing stairs. The pain is usually felt in the groin, but also may be felt on the side of the hip, the buttock and sometimes into the knee.What is the best thing for hip arthritis pain? ›
If osteoarthritis of the hip causes aching pain and limits your ability to move without discomfort, your doctor may recommend an over-the-counter pain relief medication. Many doctors recommend acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.How do they fix arthritis in the hip? ›
Total hip replacement eliminates osteoarthritis in the hip entirely. It may dramatically improve your quality of life by alleviating pain and restoring stability and range of motion to the hip. A surgeon performs total hip replacement using spinal or general anesthesia.Is walking good for hip arthritis? ›
Walking: Bone and joint specialists suggest that walking is one of the best forms of exercise for hip arthritis. Walking boosts blood flow to your cartilage, giving it the nutrients necessary to provide cushion to the ends of your joints.What not to do with hip arthritis? ›
- Exercises with sudden changes in movement and direction. ...
- Exercises on uneven terrain. ...
- High impact exercises. ...
- Prolonged standing exercises. ...
- Weightlifting exercises.
Untreated arthritis will add to the degradation of the structures in and around the joint leading to more and more pain and a loss of function. The progression of arthritis may lead to requiring a total joint replacement.How do you know if hip pain is arthritis or bursitis? ›
“The simplest way to understand the difference between hip bursitis and hip osteoarthritis is to understand where the pain is coming from,” says Dr. Sparling. “When you have hip osteoarthritis, the pain is coming from inside the joint. With hip bursitis, pain is coming from the outside.”
The loss of cartilage leads to pain and inflammation. Pain due to arthritis in the hip is usually felt in the groin or thigh rather than the buttock. It may radiate down your thigh to your knee. Swelling in the joint can also make it harder for you to move your hip.